What is Qur’an – The Last Revealed Book

Quran-e-PakThe Qur’an is the final Book of Allah سبحانه و تعالى that was revealed in Arabic to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ who is the last prophet as stated clearly in the Quran that contains the message of guidance from Allah سبحانه و تعالى for all mankind. Muslims all around the Globe believe the Quran to be the book of divine guidance revealed from Allah سبحانه و تعالى to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ through the angel Jibril (Gabriel) over a period of 23 years beginning in 610 CE, when Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was forty and concluding in 632 CE, the year of his death and view the Quran as Allah’s سبحانه و تعالى final revelation to humanity.

It was placed into Muhammad’s ﷺ soul on the 27th night of Ramadan, 13 B.H. (Before Hijrah) through the mediation of Angel Jibril (Gabriel) and witnessed by the angels. There is no doubt about its divinity and this claim is not endorsed by anyone but Allah سبحانه و تعالى Himself;

At another place in Qur’an, Allah سبحانه و تعالى clarifies that it was impossible for anyone to invent it than Him. Allah سبحانه و تعالى says;

“This is the exalted Book (the Qur’an), in which there is no place for doubt; a guidance for the pious.”
Quran (Surah Al-Baqarah, Verse 2)
Reference from Surah-Al-Baqara

At another place in Qur’an, Allah سبحانه و تعالى clarifies that it was impossible for anyone to invent it than Him. Allah سبحانه و تعالى says;

“And this noble Qur’an is not such that anyone can invent it, without Allah revealing it – but it surely is a confirmation of the Books preceding it and is an explanation of all that is written on the (preserved) tablet – there is no doubt in it – it is from the Lord of the Creation.”
Quran (Surah Younus, Verse 37)
Reference from Surah-Younus

The Quran is considered to be the culmination of a series of divine and holy messages that started with those revealed to Prophet Adam عليه السلام, regarded in Islam as the first prophet till the last Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. The Qur’an also refers to many events from Jewish and Christian scriptures, some of which are retold in comparatively distinctive ways from the Torah and New Testament respectively. Since it was revealed, every generation of Muslims has found new sources of strength and guidance from Quran. The Qur’an itself expresses that it is the book of guidance;

“It is He Who sends down clear verses upon His chosen bondman, in order to take you out from the realms of darkness towards light; and indeed Allah is Most Compassionate, Most Merciful upon you.”
Quran (Surah Al-Hadeed, Verse 9)
Reference from Surah-Al-Hadeed

Qur’an is Allah’s سبحانه و تعالى words that was brought to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ by Angel Jibraeel in stages. Muslims believe the Qur’an itself to be the main miracle of Muhammad ﷺ and a proof of his Prophet hood.

“And indeed you (O dear Prophet Muhammad – peace and blessings be upon him), are taught the Qur’an from the Wise, the All Knowing.”
Qraun (Surah An-Naml, Verse 6)
Reference from Surah-An-Naml

It is also believed by the followers of Islam that the Qur’an was written down by Muhammad’s ﷺ companions while he was alive, although the primary method of transmission of this was oral. Shortly after the death of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, the first Caliph Hazrat Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه ordered to compile the Quran into a single book with the suggestion of Hazrat Umar رضي الله عنه (future Caliph) while the third Caliph Hazrat Usman رضي الله عنه began noticing slight differences in Arabic dialect he made several thousand copies of Quran to standardize the text. This process of formalization is known as the “Usmanic Recension”. It has been 1400 years to this dynamic piece of work and none of the word of its 114 Surahs has been changed and the Quran is still in every fine detail with the same exclusive and miraculous text that was revealed to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ over fourteen centuries ago.

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